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Post Crash Analysis For Unrestrained Occupants

front-seat-deformationSeat belts are an important part of the safety systems in carsTo a trained investigator review of a Traffic Crash Report, site visit, and inspection of the vehicles can answer many questions about the technical nature of the impact.

In this analysis the objective is to provide a thorough identification of steps associated with arriving at impact speeds and assessment of seat belt usage for front and rear passengers.

approach-to-impactScale diagram Prepared

for Impact and Final Rest vehicle positions. Inspection of the crash site permitted final rest placement for the Mercury. Final rest position was not identified on the Crash Report and no specific evidence at the crash site permitted placement of the Honda at final rest. … Continue Reading

Motor Vehicle Accident Reconstruction & Biomechanical Physics – Part 3

Aerial Crush Photography 

dsc_0088-largeOn-site aerial photographs taken with the aid of a boom and perimeter grid capture collision data. This system has proven to be extremely useful in addressing collision dynamics.A brief synopsis of this method reveals its usefulness to the accident reconstructionist and biomechanical expert. 

aerial-boom-being-raised-over-carHorizontal lines for the red car illustrate 1′ of interior crush to the impact side-bar beam in the door and 1.5′ of collapse in the vehicle roof structure.  Also, shown on the opposite side of the car is a general bowing of the vehicle structure showing how impact forces are transmitted throughout the vehicle. … Continue Reading

Motor Vehicle Accident Reconstruction & Biomechanical Physics – Part 2

Vehicle Data

a004_1a011_8Making a good physical inspeciton of a collision vehicle can provide much important information about impact severity and expected injuries.  These example photographs document chest and facial impact.   It is significant to note that the steering wheel is deformed more on the left side which indicates the relationship of Principle Direction Of Force or PDOF to the vehicle and the center of mass movent of the unrestrained driver. 

a006_3a016_13Close inspection for the inside of the windshield will often show evidence of hair and blood that can be recovered for further forensic analysis.  Documentation of impact evidence is very important, especially when the investigator has to deal with the old statement “the dead person was driving“! … Continue Reading

Motor Vehicle Accident Reconstruction & Biomechanical Physics – Part 1

April 8, 2009 Forensic Engineering Comments Off on Motor Vehicle Accident Reconstruction & Biomechanical Physics – Part 1

Robert C. McElroy, Ph.D.

a008_8ABSTRACT — Accident reconstructionists rely on a wide range of methods to record and analyze motor vehicle accident information. This paper addresses contemporary methods of obtaining and analyzing collisions with emphasis on G force explanation for biomechanical analysis.

INTRODUCTION — Traffic accident reconstruction is the effort to determine, from whatever resources are available, how an accident happened. A traffic accident reconstructionist must be familiar with the application of a wide range of mathematics and specialized aspects of vehicle technology. Because of the wide range of knowledge required by the accident reconstructionist, voluntary certification is available through the Accreditation Commission for Traffic Accident Reconstruction. ACTAR certification includes education, work experience, and successful completion of a comprehensive examination.

Unrestrained driver upper torso impacts steering wheel and lower extremities impacts lower dash

Unrestrained driver upper torso impacts steering wheel and lower extremities impacts lower dash

MATHEMATICS FOUNDATION —

Mathematics are at the core of traffic accident reconstruction. Many different equations are used to determine different aspects of an accident. Sir Isaac Newton developed three mathematical laws of motion which provide the foundation for traffic accident reconstruction.

In Newton’s first law of motion an important property of matter appears. It is known as inertia, that property of matter by which an object maintains a constant velocity in the absence of an unbalanced external force. When an automobile is suddenly stopped, the passengers obey Newton’s first law and continue in their motion with constant velocity until some external force changes their state of motion. Seat belts in a automobile can provide such an external force which is much preferred to that exerted by the windshield or dashboard. Another statement is the following: A body at rest remains at rest, and a body in motion remains in motion with constant velocity along the same straight line unless acted upon by some outside force. … Continue Reading

Random Photos From Automotive Tribune Site

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Richard Kubis Explains Solar Thermal Hybrid Automobile